“The full faith and credit clause of the United States Constitution (US Const, art IV, § 1) requires a judgment of one state court to have the same credit, validity, and effect in every other court of the United States, which it had in the state in which it was pronounced” (Matter of Bennett, [*2]84 AD3d 1365, 1367; see Madjar v Rosa, 83 AD3d 1011). “[A] default judgment of a sister state can be accorded full faith and credit” (Progressive Intl. Co. v Varun Cont., Ltd., 16 AD3d 476, 477), and “review by the courts of this State is limited to determining whether the rendering court had jurisdiction, an inquiry which includes due process considerations” (Fiore v Oakwood Plaza Shopping Ctr., 78 NY2d 572, 577, cert denied 506 US 823). In an action to enforce the judgment of a sister state, where the defendant raises the issue of lack of personal jurisdiction, this Court “must look to the jurisdictional statutes of the forum in which the judgment was rendered as well as due process considerations” (Augusta Lbr. & Supply v Sabbeth Corp., 101 AD2d 846, 846; see Desai v Sterling Fibers, 288 AD2d 428, 428-429).
The relevant provision of New Jersey procedure allows the exercise of “long-arm” jurisdiction over nonresidents consistent with due process of law under the United States Constitution (Avdel Corp. v Mecure, 58 NJ 264, 268, 277 A2d 207, 209; see NJ Ct R 4:4-4). “The Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution permits personal jurisdiction over a defendant in any State with which the defendant has certain minimum contacts . . . such that the maintenance of the suit does not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice” (Calder v Jones, 465 US 783, 788 [internal quotation marks omitted]). The “minimum contacts” requirement of due process “is satisfied so long as the contacts resulted from the defendant’s purposeful conduct and not the unilateral activities of the plaintiff” (Lebel v Everglades Marina, Inc., 115 NJ 317, 323, 558 A2d 1252, 1255), and the defendant’s “conduct and connection with the forum State” must be such that he or she could “reasonably anticipate being haled into court there” (World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v Woodson, 444 US 286, 297). In appropriate cases, the exercise of long-arm jurisdiction is consistent with due process where a nonresident defendant has never physically entered the forum state, based upon the effects within the forum state of the defendant’s purposeful conduct outside of the state (see e.g. Lebel v Everglades Marina, Inc., 115 NJ at 324-327, 558 A2d at 1255-1257; Halak v Scovill, 296 NJ Super 363, 686 A2d 1245; Wolpert v North Shore Univ. Hosp., 231 NJ Super 378, 555 A2d 729; Halley v Myatt, 2010 WL 1753110, 2010 NJ Super Unpub LEXIS 950 [NJ Super AD 2010]; Lee v Rah, 2011 WL 2802794, 2011 NJ Super Unpub LEXIS 1943 [NJ Super AD 2011]).
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ATTORNEY ADVERTISING: Information herein and is not intended to be, legal advice. This sample legal document is provided as part of a free public educational service by Zachary Irtaza Riyaz, Esq., attorney at law in the State of New York (Westhampton – Tel. 516-234-0348), for reference only. IT IS NOT INTENDED TO GIVE LEGAL ADVICE ABOUT A SPECIFIC LEGAL PROBLEM, NOR DOES IT CREATE AN ATTORNEY-CLIENT RELATIONSHIP. Due to the importance of the individual facts of every case, the generalizations I make may not necessarily be applicable to any particular case. Statutes and codes such as Domestic Relations Law (DRL)are frequently amended and may affect the validity of the above legal document and no representation is made that the above sample is going to be enforceable in the future. Changes in the law could at any time make parts of this web site content obsolete. Updated statutes and codes may be available at the New York State Legislature Website. No statute or sample legal document should be relied on without understanding controlling case law which may further interpret it. THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT IF LEGAL ADVICE IS REQUIRED THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT ATTORNEY SHOULD BE CONSULTED.